Over the last decade, the exponential explosion of data known as big data has changed the way we understand and harness the power of data. The emerging field of high-performance big data computing, which brings together high-performance computing (HPC), big data processing, and deep learning, aims to meet the challenges posed by large-scale data processing. This book offers an in-depth overview of high-performance big data computing and the associated technical issues, approaches, and solutions. The book covers basic concepts and necessary background knowledge, including data processing frameworks, storage systems, and hardware capabilities; offers a detailed discussion of technical issues in accelerating big data computing in terms of computation, communication, memory and storage, codesign, workload characterization and benchmarking, and system deployment and management; and surveys benchmarks and workloads for evaluating big data middleware systems. It presents a detailed discussion of big data computing systems and applications with high-performance networking, computing, and storage technologies, including state-of-the-art designs for data processing and storage systems. Finally, the book considers some advanced research topics in high-performance big data computing, including designing high-performance deep learning over big data (DLoBD) stacks and HPC cloud technologies.