Big data systems address the challenges of capturing, storing, managing, analyzing, and visualizing big data. Within this context, developing benchmarks to evaluate and compare big data systems has become an active topic for both research and industry communities. To date, most of the state-of-the-art big data benchmarks are designed for specific types of systems. Based on our experience, however, we argue that considering the complexity, diversity, and rapid evolution of big data systems, for the sake of fairness, big data benchmarks must include diversity of data and workloads. Given this motivation, in this paper, we first propose the key requirements and challenges in developing big data benchmarks from the perspectives of generating data with 4 V properties (i.e. volume, velocity, variety and veracity) of big data, as well as generating tests with comprehensive workloads for big data systems. We then present the methodology on big data benchmarking designed to address these challenges. Next, the state-of-the-art are summarized and compared, following by our vision for future research directions.